Course: Therapeutic Spiral Model (TSM) Psychodrama: Theory & Practice with Trauma. How the Therapeutic Spiral Model Works? Foundations and Expansions.

Module 7. Making Friends with Defenses with Sylvia Israel.

Acquaint yourself with psychological defenses and employ TSM to address these defenses in your client interactions. Receive guidance from the esteemed expert, Sylvia Israel.


(100 Days Access)

About the course:

This video course introduces Innovative Clinical Psychodrama as an effective and safe method for treating trauma and PTSD. Recent research in the neurobiology of trauma and attachment underscores the efficacy of experiential, body-based approaches in psychotherapy and education. Clinicians working with trauma aim to establish a secure and contained therapeutic environment. Action therapy plays a pivotal role but can sometimes trigger unprocessed trauma material, leading to flashbacks and decompensation. TSM, developed by Board Certified Psychodrama Trainers, Educators, and Practitioners Kate Hudgins, Ph.D., and Francesca Toscani, M.Ed., TEP, serves as a guide for trauma treatment. TSM integrates classical psychodrama, attachment theory, and insights from interpersonal neurobiology and trauma theory, enhancing safety and structure when working with trauma.

This video module delineates post-traumatic psychological defenses, encompassing survival mechanisms, obsessions, compulsions, addictions, and eating disorders. It elucidates the process of identifying and converting these personal defenses into adaptive coping skills. The content provides valuable insights into containing defenses and facilitating the transformation of clients. Additionally, it introduces TSM prescriptive role known as the Manager of Defenses. Engage in a transformative small group session with a counselor and business consultant from the U.S., led by the esteemed expert, Sylvia Israel.

This module is designed for:

• Therapists

• Social workers

• Psychologists

• Counselors (including substance use counselors)

• Psychodramatists

• Educators

• Coaches 

Appropriate for those who are new to action methods, as well as experienced practitioners, students in mental health fields, and those who want to develop their skills in action methods. Acting skills are not necessary.

How and where to use:

• Issues/concerns: trauma work, ptsd, cptsd

• In Clinical and non-clinical setting

• Individual and group setting

• Online and in-person (therapy, counseling, classes, group leading)

• Education and Coaching 

This model provides a secure and effective approach for various objectives, including class management, fostering group cohesion, supporting group development, facilitating organizational development, and addressing business-related tasks.

Learning Objectives: 

• Identify defenses and demonstrate how to direct the TSM Action Intervention of the Manager of Defenses 

Module highlights: 

• Warm Up: Acquire the director’s  skills to contain defenses 

• Action: Guide clients who've used defenses to survive trauma in building adaptive support systems.

• Sharing: Discover that action methods help your clients to express long-hidden talents, feelings, and dreams.

• Insights: Recognize and label frequently utilized personal defenses, and ability to transform them into higher-order coping skills.

• Engaging Content: Immerse yourself in captivating video content 

• Comprehensive Resources: Access valuable handouts to reinforce your knowledge 


Sylvia Israel LMFT, TEP, RDT/BCT, Founder/Director of Imagine! Center for Creativity and Healing and Founder/past Director of the Bay Area Playback Theatre. In addition, Sylvia is Adjunct Faculty at the CIIS and Kansas State University and has taught at various universities including Sonoma State, Dominican, and John F. Kennedy. She is a Certified Trainer in the TSM for working with Trauma Survivors and is trained in Somatic Attachment Therapy and IMAGO couples counseling. Sylvia is past-President of NADT and a Fellow of the ASGPP.

Module Includes:

Main Content:

• Videos - 50 min

• Handouts - 13 min

Recommended Content:

• Healing Trauma with the Therapeutic Spiral Model. Interview with Dr. Hudgins. Part 1

• Healing Trauma with the Therapeutic Spiral Model. Interview with Dr. Hudgins. Part 2

• Healing Trauma with the Therapeutic Spiral Model. Interview with Dr. Hudgins. Part 3

• Self Practicum - 30 min

• Test - 30 min 

• Course Survey - 5 min 

Hours for Certificate:

• 2 Hours on Action Exploration Education Certificate (applicable for Psychodrama certification - includes practicum, test and survey)

Information on Continuing Education Hours

Psychodrama professional certification training hours: 

American Board of Examiners - ABE accepts a maximum of 120 training hours for psychodrama distance learning. This module/course will count as asynchronous distance learning as long as the primary trainer approves it.

International Boards: You may be able to submit this certificate to your local Psychodrama board. Please contact your respective local board for information.

Experiential training hours: 

International Society of Experiential Professionals: ISEP accepts experiential training hours administered by a TEP trainer. More information will be provided shortly. 

Social workers, Marriage and Family Therapists, and Professional Counselors: 

• We are working on getting board's approvals and will update this information shortly. 

Other Disciplines:

• You may be able to submit this certificate for credits in other mental health disciplines. Please contact your local board for information.

Therapeutic Spiral Model (TSM) Psychodrama: Theory & Practice with Trauma. How TSM works. Foundations and Expansions. 11 modules

TSM modified classical psychodrama, combined with the attachment theory and recent research in interpersonal neurobiology. Incorporating trauma theory to ensure safe applications while working with trauma. By taking this course you bring containment and structure into your work.  

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